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Wednesday, December 22, 2010

Amnesty vs Pardon

Amnesty- is an act of grace concurred in by the Legislature, usually extended to classes of persons who committed political offences which puts into oblivion the offense itself.

Pardon – act of grace which exempts individual on whom it is bestowed from punishment which the law inflicts for a crime he has committed.

Amnesty covers all political offenses, granted only to classes of persons, a public act to which court may take judicial notice, it looks backward and puts into oblivion the offense itself and may be granted even before trial while, pardon covers an infraction of peace/common crimes, granted only to individuals, does not require concurrence of Congress, private act which must be pleaded and prove, looks forward and relieves the pardonee of the consequences of the offense, and can be granted only after conviction.

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